Contemporary art essays

American Scenes of Everyday Life, — American painters recorded everyday life as it changed around them, capturing the temperament of their respective eras, defining the character of people as individuals, citizens, and members of ever-widening communities.

Essays | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art

American Women Sculptors. They broke new ground through their independent lifestyles and emphasis on career over marriage and motherhood. Americans in Paris, — Amulets and Talismans from the Islamic World. Talismans that contain inscriptions with the names of prophets and religious heroes have the power to protect an individual from hardship and danger by acting as a conduit between the two.

Anatomy in the Renaissance. Italian Renaissance artists became anatomists by necessity, as they attempted to refine a more lifelike, sculptural portrayal of the human figure. Ancient American Jade. Ancient Greek Bronze Vessels. Many more bronze vessels must have existed in antiquity because they were less expensive than silver and gold, and more have survived because they were buried in tombs or hidden in hoards beneath the ground.

The ancient Greeks were active seafarers seeking opportunities for trade and founding new independent cities at coastal sites across the Mediterranean Sea. Ancient Greek Dress. Greek vase painting and traces of paint on ancient sculptures indicate that fabrics were brightly colored and generally decorated with elaborate designs. Ancient Maya Painted Ceramics. Ceramic vessels nourished in both life and death: they held food and drink for daily life, but also offerings in dedicatory caches and burials, which range from the simplest graves to the richest royal tombs.

Ancient Maya Sculpture.

Maya sculptors celebrated the human form in a naturalistic way, portraying royal individuals as they sit, stand, hold things, and interact with one another. Ancient Near Eastern Openwork Bronzes.

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Finely crafted small openwork bronzes produced in the early second millennium B. Andean Textiles. Andean weaving was among the arts practiced in colonial Latin America that retained the closest connection to Precolumbian traditions. Animals in Ancient Near Eastern Art. Control of the natural world, as expressed by fierce animals, was a key aspect of the iconography of kingship. Animals in Medieval Art. In addition to providing intriguing interpretations of animals, bestiaries offered tales about the existence of bizarre and loathsome creatures, many of which appeared in medieval art.

Annibale Carracci — Anselm Kiefer born Antique Engraved Gems and Renaissance Collectors. While carved gems frequently functioned as signatures and means of identification for their owners, they were also treasured as magical amulets and used as personal ornaments.

Modern and Contemporary Art

Antoine Watteau — Despite his unconventional training, Watteau was permitted to compete for the Prix de Rome at the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. Antonello da Messina ca. Antonello da Messina is, in a sense, the first truly European painter and his remarkably varied achievements raise issues crucial to our understanding of European art. The Antonine Dynasty — Antonio Canova — Apollo 11 ca.

Cave Stones. Until recently, the Apollo 11 stones were the oldest known artwork of any kind from the African continent. Architectural Models from the Ancient Americas. As diverse as ancient American architectural effigies are, they all speak to an enduring tradition of capturing the essence of key structures and their associated meanings in miniature. Architecture in Ancient Greece.

Contemporary Art, an introduction

Every piece of a Greek building is integral to its overall structure; a fragment of molding often can be used to reconstruct an entire building. Architecture in Renaissance Italy. Architects trained as humanists helped raise the status of their profession from skilled laborer to artist. They hoped to create structures that would appeal to both emotion and reason. Despite diversity, the persistence of Dutch customs and styles remained strong into the eighteenth century.

Archtop Guitars and Mandolins. The archtop guitar, with its many subtleties of sound, became a dominant instrument in the new bebop and cool jazz styles. Arms and Armor in Medieval Europe. European warriors of the early Middle Ages used both indigenous forms of military equipment and arms and armor derived from late Roman types. Arms and Armor in Renaissance Europe.

Three Reflectons on Contemporary Art History

Although arms and armor are most commonly associated with warfare, both were used in other contexts, including hunting, tournaments, and as parade costume. The field of arms and armor is beset with romantic legends, gory myths, and widely held misconceptions. Most of them are utter nonsense, devoid of any historical base. Art and Craft in Archaic Sparta. In the seventh and sixth centuries B.

How to Write About Contemporary Art

Art and Death in Medieval Byzantium. Art and Death in the Middle Ages. In keeping with Roman and Jewish practice born of sanitary concerns, the first Christians were buried outside the city, often in subterranean catacombs, into the walls of which gold glass disks were set as memorial markers.

By the second quarter of the eighteenth century, British colonists of all ranks were experiencing a consumer revolution.


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Art and Love in the Italian Renaissance. The primary functions of the institution of marriage centered on the family and society, and love rarely entered into the equation. Yet the subjects of love, beauty, and attraction mesmerized Renaissance men and women. Art and Nationalism in Twentieth-Century Turkey. With the dissolution of the Ottoman sultanate and the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in , artists and politicians alike called for a new kind of art to represent the fledgling nation. Art and Photography: s to the Present.


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As the decade mellowed under the lulling influence of the dot-com boom and the end of the Cold War, the art of the mids reflected both the newly global situation and the increasingly blurred line between the real and the virtual. Art and Photography: The s. Recently the subject of much critical reappraisal, the art of the s can now be seen in retrospect as a powerful synthesis of the personal and political, as well as an implicit rebuke to the hollow conformity and historical amnesia that characterized the Reagan era.

Art and Society of the New Republic, — In addition to portraits, status symbols included sets of silver or porcelain for the service of tea, hot chocolate, and coffee. Art for the Christian Liturgy in the Middle Ages.

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Because of their sacred function, liturgical objects were often crafted of the most precious materials. Art Nouveau. Taking inspiration from the unruly aspects of the natural world, Art Nouveau influenced art and architecture especially in the applied arts, graphic work, and illustration. The Art of Classical Greece ca.